By Helen Josephine Baroni

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This encyclopedia covers fairs, texts, doctrine, rituals, practices, biographies, deities and heroes, structure, mythology, sects, and associations of the spiritual culture lined. one of the greater than 1,700 entries are Dogen Kigan, Filial piety, and Shikhin Buddha. a lot of the content material contains brief, dictionary-type definitions, even if a few (for instance, Bodhisattva precepts, Buddha, Pilgrimage) are extra expansive. The illustrations are all black and white, ensue on nearly one-quarter of the pages, and customarily hide under part a web page. The entries comprise large cross-references, and the "Contents by way of Subject" in the beginning of the encyclopedia aids the reader in finding thematically similar entries. The insurance of the topic components is good.
The encyclopedia might have been significantly more advantageous with the inclusion of glossaries giving the phrases within the a number of languages concerned. A thesaurus of Sanskrit, chinese language characters, pinyin and Wade-Giles chinese language transliteration equipment, and transliterated eastern could considerably raise the software. even if the amount is enough for the final reader, this conspicuous omission limits its usefulness for the worse researcher.

Libraries that have already got universal faith reference assets, comparable to Eliade's The Encyclopedia of faith (Macmillan, 1987), will most likely locate no cause so as to add this new encyclopedia to their collections. another topic encyclopedias can also be extra necessary. for instance, Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia (Kodansha, 1993) comprises the chinese language characters with jap transliterations in addition to some distance better illustrations and offers reliable assurance of spiritual subject matters. even though, educational libraries aiding huge spiritual reports departments probably want to purchase The Ilustrated Encyclopedia of Zen Buddhism for the additional insurance. Public libraries that experience no different assets on Zen Buddhism may additionally think of it. RBB
Copyright © American Library organization. All rights reserved

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See alaya consciousness. 7 10 Arayashiki 6 One of two Indian meditation masters with whom Siddharta Gautama studied before he attained enlightenment. Kalama taught a form of yogic meditation leading to a state of deep concentration beyond sensory perception. According to traditional accounts, Siddharta mastered Kalama’s teachings easily, and Kalama was prepared to accept him as his equal and coteacher. Feeling that the meditative states that he had attained were not yet the enlightenment he sought, Siddharta left Kalama.

In the Chinese translation of the Lotus Sutra prepared by Kumarajiva, the most popular version used in East Asia, the Avalokiteshvara Sutra is Chapter 25. It is known as the Kuan-yin Ching in Chinese and the Kannonkyô in Japanese. The text is commonly chanted at Zen temples throughout East Asia, especially at ceremonies where lay practitioners are present. There have been many English translations based on the Chinese, including those by Hurvitz and Watson. The text begins with a bodhisattva asking Shakyamuni Buddha (Siddharta Gautama), why Avalokiteshvara, literally called “One Who Perceives the Sounds of the World,” is so named.

Buddhism regards attachment to material possessions as one of the basic obstacles to enlightenment. In addition, begging is often a humbling experience that can help to reduce one’s attachment to the false self (atman). Also of great importance is the opportunity which mendicancy provides for lay people to build merit. Begging allows for a mutually beneficial relationship to develop between the ordained and lay portions of the Buddhist sangha. While lay people provide for the physical necessities of monks and nuns, the monastic community provides lay people with spiritual benefits.

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