By Neil J. Smelser

Essays interpreting either historic and glossy techniques to sociological concept

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Sociological Theory: Historical and Formal

Essays analyzing either old and smooth techniques to sociological conception

Die Logik direkter Demokratie

In diesem Buch wird erstmals eine ausgearbeitete Theorie über den Zusammenhang zwischen direktdemokratischen Verfahren und den jeweiligen politischen Systemen, in denen diese vorkommen können, vorgelegt. Die Autorin beantwortet die Frage: Welche direktdemokratischen Verfahren sind mit welchen Typen der Demokratie kompatibel?

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At the same time, however, it leads to impatience with refined and subtle works of literature and philosophy and with the effort required to produce them. It tends as well to produce in all men a restless, but mundane, ambition for material well-being. The matter that concerned Tocqueville most, however, was the effect of equality on liberty. " His analysis of this phenomenon is probably the greatest theoretical contribution of Democracy in America. In typical fashion, Tocqueville has in mind a contrast between aristocratic and democratic forms of social organization.

From the envy and calculation so produced comes the state of war that Hobbes mistook for the state of nature. And from this emerges the necessity for government to protect the property of the rich and the meager remaining rights of the poor. Art, science, and philosophy are, then, only so many floral garlands that decorate the iron chains that now bind men and that stifle in them any desire for liberty. CHAPTER 2 Though Rousseau's indictment of society is harsh, he is not arguing for a return to primitive nature.

In France "reason" meant the thoroughgoing dissolution and reconstruction of society itself. ) The differences among these outcomes do not, however, deny the fact that all three revolutions were shaped by the liberal philosophies of Locke, Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Jefferson. These philosophies established an idea of great sociological and political significance: that society can neither be understood nor justified as an unchanging order established by superhuman agency but is, rather, something enacted and reenacted by human beings.

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