By Brandon R. Kooi
Kooi analyzes the spatial influence of bus stops on local crime facts and scorching spots. His findings point out that neighborhoods with centred bus cease destinations suffered greater crime whereas controlling for suitable social disorganization variables. Crime surrounding or associated with bus cease destinations not just impacts use of public transportation but additionally patronage of companies surrounding the bus stops. Kooi poses questions demanding the inspiration of accountability for areas surrounding bus cease destinations and criticizes the shortcoming of making plans for placement of bus stops on the subject of spatial crime influence. He deals suggestions for addressing those matters.
Read or Download Policing Public Transportation: An Environmental and Procedural Evaluation of Bus Stops (Criminal Justice) PDF
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Kooi analyzes the spatial influence of bus stops on local crime statistics and scorching spots. His findings point out that neighborhoods with centred bus cease destinations suffered greater crime whereas controlling for proper social disorganization variables. Crime surrounding or associated with bus cease destinations not just impacts use of public transportation but additionally patronage of companies surrounding the bus stops.
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Additional resources for Policing Public Transportation: An Environmental and Procedural Evaluation of Bus Stops (Criminal Justice)
In these instances, offenders make a concerted effort not to be recognized. These crimes are more likely to include face-to-face violent encounters such as armed robberies. In addition to crime type, the timing of offenses is an important area that has been analyzed through temporal spatial analysis. Much like the nonrandom spatial nature of crime the timing of these events has also been found to be nonrandom (Ratcliffe and McCullagh, 1998). Temporal mapping is able to show crime disproportionably occurs at select hours of the day, days of the week, or months out of the year with links made to pedestrian path flows.
For example, city planners may consider routine activities when deciding where to place bus stop locations. Surveillance may be increased and guardianship better promoted among bus stop locations that are placed in areas of low visibility or weak territorial social control. Thus, a thorough analysis of the crime location is an important component for utilizing routine activities theory and situational crime prevention. Increasing guardianship and limiting the vulnerability of targets is the basis for situational crime prevention.
The roots of spatial crime analysis began with early French mapping in the early 19th Century and 100 years later in the United States with the Chicago School ecological research. Criticisms of the Chicago School led to other techniques for conducting social area research, which were followed by the 15 16 Policing Public Transportation environmental design movement. The environmental design movement was preceded by the spatial school with relevant analysis of street and traffic flow in terms of conducting research on bus stop locations.