By Brian Garvey
This significant new sequence within the philosophy of technology goals to supply a brand new iteration of textbooks for the topic. The sequence won't in simple terms provide clean remedies of center subject matters within the conception and technique of medical wisdom, but in addition introductions to more recent parts of the self-discipline. moreover, the sequence will disguise themes in present technological know-how that increase major foundational concerns either for medical thought and for philosophy extra in general. Biology increases specific questions of its personal not just for philosophy of technological know-how, yet for metaphysics, epistemology and ethics. This complete new textbook for a swiftly turning out to be box of research offers scholars new to the topic with an up to date presentation of the foremost philosophical matters. Care is taken all through to maintain the technicalities available to the non-biologist yet with out sacrificing the philosophical subtleties. the 1st a part of the ebook covers the philosophical demanding situations posed by way of evolution and evolutionary biology, starting with Darwin's primary argument within the beginning of the Species. person chapters disguise normal choice, the egocentric gene, replacement devices of choice, developmental platforms conception, adaptionism and concerns in macroevolution. the second one a part of the publication examines philosophical questions bobbing up in reference to organic characteristics, functionality, nature and nurture, and organic forms. The 3rd a part of the e-book examines metaphysical questions, biology's relation with the conventional issues of philosophy of technological know-how, and the way evolution has been brought into epistemological debates. the ultimate half considers the relevance of biology to questions about ethics, faith and human nature.
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Additional info for Philosophy of Biology (Philosophy and Science)
Only entities that have this high copying fidelity, then, can truly be said to evolve by natural selection. Genes, according to the Hamilton–Williams view, are the only entities that possess a sufficiently high copying fidelity. So it is genes that are the objects of evolution by natural selection. But on the Darwinian picture, evolution by natural selection is the only way in which “designed” traits – such as eyes, hearts and so on – with their complex systems of interacting parts, can come into existence.
Those who espouse this view like to stress that genes are unique in how faithfully they are passed on from parent to offspring. While there is a correlation between genes and traits, no trait is passed on with the same degree of fidelity; you may 20 the power of genes have inherited genes for being tall from your mother, who in turn inherited them from her father, but you are probably not exactly the same height as your mother or her father. By contrast, the genes themselves are transmitted (mutations aside) with absolute fidelity.
Genes, according to the Hamilton–Williams view, are the only entities that possess a sufficiently high copying fidelity. So it is genes that are the objects of evolution by natural selection. But on the Darwinian picture, evolution by natural selection is the only way in which “designed” traits – such as eyes, hearts and so on – with their complex systems of interacting parts, can come into existence. This means, then, that all these traits owe their existence to the natural selection of genes.