By Diana Auth, Jutta Hergenhan, Barbara Holland-Cunz
This assortment explores how pioneering gender equality rules have formed women's monetary presence in Europe considering that 2000. equivalent pay rules, parental depart reforms, company quotas and electoral quotas have raised urgent questions about the effectiveness in selling equivalent participation, as researchers quote either quantitative development in gender range and qualitative lag in cultural swap. The chapters during this booklet current interlocking cross-national and cross-policy comparisons of the 3 such a lot debatable reforms: equivalent pay, parental depart, and quotas for political representatives. The participants handle the cultural context within which reforms arose, internally contradictory guidelines, and the relative effectiveness of fast-track quotas and incentives in comparison to long term efforts to alter the final tradition of gender. This severe exam of the hot millennium's groundbreaking gender regulations will attract lecturers and practitioners drawn to the growth of gender equality within the monetary, political, and social welfare fields.
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Additional resources for Gender and Family in European Economic Policy: Developments in the New Millennium
In Visions for Gender Equality, ed. Francesca Bettio, and Silvia Sansonetti. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. Bettio, Francesca, Marcella Corsi, Carlo D’Ippoliti, Antigone Lyberaki, Manuela Samek Lodovici, and Alina Verashchagina. 2013. The Impact of the Economic Crisis on the Situation of Women and Men and on Gender Equality Policies. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. Bettio, Francesca, and Janneke Plantenga. 2004. Comparing Care Regimes in Europe. Feminist Economics 10(1): 85–133.
18 F. BETTIO favour of a unisex target of a 75 % employment rate for 20–64 year olds to be reached by 2020. For want of better specification, the unisex target is often interpreted as applying to men as well as women. While the demise of the EES as an independent policy platform considerably weakened direct pursuit of equality-enhancing labour market goals, the repercussions on reconciliation and welfare policies were less obvious until some years into the crisis. On the contrary, the Council issued a directive in 2010 to extend minimum, paid, parental leave to four months.
The Shriver Report (Morgan and Skelton 2014: v). 2. The respective age groups are 15–64 and 20–64 years of age. 3. GIPSI is a more charitable version of the damning PIIGS acronym that was used to identify the countries at closer risk of defaulting when the financial crisis peaked, namely Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Spain and Italy. 4. oecd. htm 5. Note that actual discrimination may be lower if the average woman and the average man differ in some characteristics that cannot be measured but are valued in the market, for example, higher propensity to risk on the part of men.