By Michèle Audin

How did Pierre Fatou and Gaston Julia create what we now name complicated Dynamics, within the context of the early 20th century and particularly of the 1st international struggle? The e-book relies in part on new, unpublished sources.Who have been Pierre Fatou, Gaston Julia, Paul Montel? New biographical info is given at the little recognized mathematician that used to be Pierre Fatou. How did the intense WW1 harm of Julia effect mathematical existence in France?

From the reports of the French edition:

"Audin’s booklet is certainly full of impressive biographical details and research, dealing not only with the boys pointed out within the book’s identify yet a good number of different avid gamers, too … . the booklet less than evaluation addresses itself to students for whom the background of arithmetic has a specific resonance and particularly to mathematicians lively, or maybe with purely an curiosity in, complicated dynamics. … provides all of it to the reader in a truly attractive form." (Michael Berg, The Mathematical organization of the United States, October 2009)

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Extra resources for Fatou, Julia, Montel: The Great Prize of Mathematical Sciences of 1918, and Beyond

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The similarity between the titles is, taking the rest of the story into account, rather surprising, but it conceals deep differences: Julia was twenty and produced a classical work on complex analysis, as for Fatou, he proceeded in his using the Lebesgue integral. One of his pupils in Poitiers in 1898 was Raoul Dautry, who became a politician and with whom he kept good relations for the rest of his life. At the instigation of the historian Albert Mathiez, his fellow student at the ens. 3 The war The First World War has already made an appearance in this text, when we discussed the references on general topology.

399, and by Hadamard on Lattès on p. 396 (Lattès’ thesis was called “On the functional equations that define a curve or a surface that is invariant under a transformation” [Sur les équations fonctionnelles qui définissent une courbe ou une surface invariante par une transformation]). 29 30 papers of Fatou [1913a ; 1913d] appeared a well, the title of one of them being “On the singular lines of analytic functions” [Sur les lignes singulières des fonctions analytiques]. The similarity between the titles is, taking the rest of the story into account, rather surprising, but it conceals deep differences: Julia was twenty and produced a classical work on complex analysis, as for Fatou, he proceeded in his using the Lebesgue integral.

They enroled willingly among the disciples of the naïve school which pretended “to declare peace to the world”. But now sounds the call to arms. The Homeland is attacked, and all these pacifists stand: no one will miss the call. Farewell! the quiet work in the laboratory; they are now only soldiers; they do not even think—and it might be a pity that nobody thought of it for them—to take advantage of their knowledge to obtain special positions; had they not been called to handle the shovel and the gun like their friends who just had left the file or the plough, they would think themselves demeaned42 .

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