By W.Scott Thompson Kusuma Snitwongse

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This quantity examines varied ethnic configurations and clash avoidance and determination in 5 varied Southeast Asian countries.
* Tin Maung Maung Than strains the historical past and impossibility of the present Myanmar regimes quest to combine a number of the ethnic teams within the border areas whereas insisting on a unitary nation with all genuine energy stored to themselves.
* Rizal Sukma divides conflicts in Indonesia into horizontal (Kalimantan, Maluku and Sulawesi) and vertical ones (the Madurese as opposed to the Dayaks) and assesses the clients for peaceable solution if the countrys fledgling democracy doesn't competently tackle them.
* Miriam Coronel Ferrer examines the conflicts in Mindanao opposed to the plain loss of willingness of Manila to come back to phrases with the basis reasons in addition to the infusion of palms and beliefs from outside.
* Zakaria Haji Ahmad and Suzaina Kadir examine Malaysias really winning dealing with of an ethnically divided society, which has approved extraordinary balance seeing that 1969.
* Chayan Vaddhanaphuti makes a speciality of the non-Thai border peoples of northern Thailand, noting the legacy of the governments coverage of selective citizenship.

Ethnic Conflicts in Southeast Asia might be a useful source for students of latest Southeast Asia in addition to in different areas, policy-makers and others, who desire to examine and advance thoughts to avoid, modulate and get to the bottom of such conflicts.

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2 Ethnic Conflict, Prevention and Management: The Malaysian Case Zakaria Haji Ahmad and Suzaina Kadir The Federation of Malaysia — currently dubbed by its Tourism Authority as “Truly Asia” to showcase its ethnic diversity — is in many ways an enviable, relatively successful, multi-ethnic country. It is successful in having enjoyed ethnic peace for most of its post-colonial existence since Merdeka (“Independence”) in 1957. The major eruption or hiatus from this record was the May 13, 1969 racial riots that resulted in a breakdown of civil and political order, and the immediate or subsequent establishment of a “rule by cabal” through the National Operations Council, NOC (in Malay, “Mageran”) for about two years.

For decades, however, violent conflicts were contained by New Order’s security apparatus, mainly though the excessive use of force by both the military and the police. However, when state capacity to suppress the potential for conflict crumbled, inter-ethnic conflicts resurfaced at an unprecedented scale with devastating results, both in terms of human life and physical costs. 91 It was also a critical factor in prolonging the conflict. While military might was depicted as “strength” under the New Order, post-Suharto’s Indonesia clearly showed that it was a fundamental “weakness”.

P. 17. Pangabean, “The Challenge of Conflict Management”, p. 1. ICG, Indonesia: Overcoming Murder and Chaos, p. 2. Aragon, “Communal Violence in Poso,” p. 55. Colin MacAndrew, “Politics of the Environment in Indonesia,” Asian Survey 34, no. 4 (April 1994), p. 373. 36 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 Rizal Sukma Rizal Sukma, “Security Problematique of Environment and Development: The Case of Indonesia”, Paper prepared for the Asia-Pacific Roundtable, Kuala Lumpur, 30 May – 2 June 1999.

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