By Elizabeth Bassan

The aim of this guide is to aid improvement employees and others to discover the environmental elements that are supposed to be thought of in making plans small-scale power initiatives which are environmentally sound and consequently prone to be sustained.

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Develop land use strategies that minimize conflicts between energy and agricultural goals. Integrating energy projects and food production projects will help. * Develop energy technologies that provide multiple uses (such as a biogas system for energy, fertilizer, and waste management), so that maximum use is made of the investment and the resources. * Develop energy sources that are most suited to the task both in terms of cost and energy quality so that resources are used efficiently. * Balance health problems with other benefits in designing energy conversion devices; for example, smoke from cookstoves may create respiratory problems but it may also kill problem insects.

How much was left in the field or just burned? Each few months, the field workers spent the whole day with a family to observe the use of fuel in cooking all the meals of the day. They weighed the fuel used for each meal, estimated the amount of food cooked, and counted the people fed. Other sources of energy and their use were also discussed and noted. From these pieces of information a picture of the energy sources available and their use began to emerge, and a table of annual fuel use in Ulipur could be constructed.

Two kinds of information were collected: * Socioeconomic data: The family structure, resource ownership patterns, and productivity of the land and animals. * Energy use data: What energy is available, and how it is used by different income groups. How were socioeconomic data collected? Field workers talked to families to learn the relationships in the household, the names and ages of family members, their sources of employment, and how much they earned. The field workers asked about the families' animals: how many they owned and the size of their animals.

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