By M. Springford

Lifshitz, I. M. and Kaganov, M. I. Geometric recommendations within the electron concept of metals. -- Wilkins, J. W. figuring out quasi-particles. -- Chambers, R. G. The generalized path-integral method of shipping difficulties. -- Pippard, A. B. The Shoenberg influence

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3. 1), and so, the quality of graphene is not degraded significantly. 3, which confirms the presence of BLG. 8 Transfer (FRePECTE) After the described steps, the entire process of FRePECTE is almost completed. 9 (a) A typical Raman spectra of transferred graphene. (b) The comparison results of the integrated Raman intensity ratio ­I D/IG and I2D/IG between a sample transferred with a standard DI cleaning (⚫), an RCA (◂), or an HCl cleaning (▪). All samples have been transferred from the same graphene–Cu substrate.

Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes. Nature Nanotechnology 2010, 5 (8), 574–578. Suk, J. ; Magnuson, C. ; Swan, A. ; Goldberg, B. ; Ruoff, R. , Transfer of CVD-grown monolayer graphene onto arbitrary substrates. ACS Nano 2011, 5 (9), 6916–6924. 40. ; Kim, J. ; Kim, M. ; Seo, S. ; Hong, B. ; Kim, M. , Efficient transfer of large-area graphene films onto rigid substrates by hot pressing. ACS Nano 2012, 6 (6), 5360–5365. 41. Lock, E. ; Hernández, S. ; Anderson, T.

IPA or chloroform rinse, blow dry 14. Bake at 200°C before device fabrication If gaps are present in the interface between the graphene and the target substrate, these can develop into tears or other defects in the graphene sheet. Gaps between the substrate and the graphene layer can arise for two reasons. The first is due to the roughness of the metal foil due to its reconstruction at the high temperatures used in CVD growth. After the metal foil is removed, the roughness may still remain as the PMMA forms a hard coating after curing and does not allow the graphene sheet to relax onto the target substrate.

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