By Jorge I. Domínguez

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The more inefficient producers (those with the highest proportion working below their capacity) supported government policy more; the slight propensity is akin to the hypothesis that small business, often less efficient, is more 50 likely to be more nationalistic . About 36% of a national survey (N = 273) of small businessmen in 1962 supported the expropriation of foreign 51 industry, but a majority did not . On balance, Colombian elite opinion was favorable toward private foreign investment. Out of a national sample (N = 990) in 1971, 7 6 % thought that foreign investment was very important for the Colombian economy; 6 0 % thought the country needed more foreign firms, while only 17% felt there were too many; 7 6 % thought that the government should stimulate more foreign investment.

In 1961, 3 9 % believed that foreign property should be expropriated by the government. 2% said that all foreign enterprises in Peru should be nationalized. While support for general expropriation declined, support for selective expropriation increased. In 1958, 3 6 % said that US business investments should be either limited, reduced or eliminated. In 1966, 7 5 % said that all or some foreign enterprises should be nationalized by the state. Therefore, while fewer favored state control over all foreign firms, twice as many favored a more selective approach.

Asked in the spring of 1972 about what the United States had been saying and doing recently in international affairs, the Mexican elite was 7 1 % unfavorable, by far the most of any of the elites of 14 countries surveyed simultaneously. A plurality of the Mexican public (49%), in contrast, was favorable to the US, but the trend in mass public opinion of the United States was decidedly negative: good opinion scores in the early 1970s were the lowest recorded since 71 surveying began in the mid-1950s .

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