By Jeffery M. Dorwart

On the heels of recent Deal directors, a military of industrial executives arrived in Washington in 1940 to organize the state for battle. between this contingent have been filthy rich funding bankers and longtime buddies: Ferdinand Eberstadt and James Forrestal. jointly they performed essential roles within the big battle mobilization application and, later, within the formation of associations for postwar nationwide security.

Jeffery M. Dorwart's learn and research offer a clean examine the friendships, connections, and mindsets that advised the becoming federal executive within the first 1/2 the 20 th century. the results of those relationships used to be a approach of corporatist administration for wartime mobilization and for chilly conflict nationwide safeguard. Eberstadt, a key determine on a number of coverage committees, and Forrestal, secretary of the military in the course of the Forties and the 1st secretary of the hot division of security, shared a typical heritage the entire approach to their collage days at Princeton. through the years, their friendship and their ties to a bunch of like-minded executives, whom Eberstadt termed the "Good Men," considerably formed executive policy.

Dorwart's study on Eberstadt's function is principally enlightening, for it unearths how Eberstadt, an outdoor advisor and never a central authority worker or elected legit, affected coverage path via his layout of the nationwide defense Act of 1947.

"This is an important contribution to American army and protection heritage. The author's use of the great guy' suggestion effectively . . . illustrates how non-military principles and impacts were basic in shaping nationwide protection policy."--Jerry Cooper, collage of Missouri-St. Louis (formerly of the Command and common employees College)

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Extra info for Eberstadt and Forrestal: A National Security Partnership, 1909-1949 (Texas a & M University Military History Series)

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In 1946, Forrestal and Eberstadt served as key members of the rededication ceremonies commemorating Princeton's two-hundredth anniversary. "No one was more loyal and interested in his Alma Mater," insisted John T. Connor, Forrestal's assistant and a future secretary of commerce. 7 Eberstadt's loyalty to Princeton caused him to defy the president of the United States. During World War II, Roosevelt called Eberstadt to the White House and asked him to fire Thomas Armstrong, a War Production Board (WPB) assistant, over an alleged conflict of interest between his Standard Oil Company connections and government contracts.

Undoubtedly he considered Princeton a better place than Hanover, New Hampshire, to launch a journalistic career, for at Princeton, he could be reporting the activities of Woodrow Wilson, elected governor of New Jersey in 1910. Ambitious and driven to succeed, Forrestal determined to become the Princetonian's best reporter. "3 The Princetonian connection initiated an unlikely relationship between two students of markedly different personalities and backgrounds. The college friendship, itself, was understandable.

A profile of the Good Man, taken from more than forty men who deeply influenced Eberstadt and Forrestal between 1929 and 1949 helped define the Good Man concept and its application to this study of national security organization. Sixty percent of the men from Eberstadt's Page 8 inventory attended Princeton, Harvard, Yale, and Columbia universities or law schools. More than half represented an older Anglo-Saxon, Protestant establishment, but the list also contained sizable German Jewish and Irish Catholic American subgroups.

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