By David H. Rakison, Lisa M. Oakes
Even if babies' earliest belief of the area is a "blooming, humming, confusion," it's not lengthy earlier than they arrive to understand constitution and order one of the gadgets and occasions round them. on the center of this method, and cognitive improvement quite often, is the facility to categorize--to team occasions, items, or houses together--and to shape psychological representations, or thoughts, that encapsulate the commonalities and constitution of those different types. Categorization is the first technique of coding adventure, underlying not just perceptual and reasoning approaches, but in addition inductive inference and language. the purpose of this ebook is to collect the newest findings and theories in regards to the origins and early improvement of categorization and conceptual talents. regardless of contemporary advances in our realizing of this zone, a few hotly debated matters stay on the heart of the debate over categorization. Researchers proceed to invite questions corresponding to: Which mechanisms for categorization can be found at delivery and which emerge later? What are the relative roles of perceptual similarity and nonobservable homes in early type? what's the position of contextual edition in categorization via babies and kids? Do diversified experimental strategies exhibit an identical type of wisdom? Can computational versions simulate baby and baby categorization? How do computational types tell behavioral learn? what's the influence of language on type improvement? How does language partition the area? This ebook is the 1st to deal with those and different key cuestions inside of a unmarried quantity. The authors current a various set of perspectives representing state-of-the-art empirical and theoretical advances within the box. the result's a radical overview of empirical contributions to the literature, and a wealth of clean theoretical views on early categorization.
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Extra info for Early Category and Concept Development: Making Sense of the Blooming, Buzzing Confusion
Effects of background knowledge on category construction. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 22, 525– 538. , & Hemenway, K. (1984). Objects, parts, and categories. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 113, 169–191. Wellman, H. , & Gelman, S. A. (1988). Children’s understanding of the non-obvious. In R. ), Advances in the psychology of human intelligence (Vol. 4, pp. 99–135). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Whorf, B. L. (1956). Language, thought, and reality: Selected writings of Benjamin Lee Whorf [Edited by John B.
The order of infants’ touching to those items is recorded. Sequential touching to items from the same category is taken as indicative of systematic, category-driven behavior. This task has become increasingly popular for assessing categorization in the second year of life. , 1991), infants’ attention to object attributes during categorization (Rakison & Butterworth, 1998a, 1998b; Rakison & Cohen, 1999; chap. 7), and the relation of categorizing behavior to infants’ other cognitive developments (Gopnik & Meltzoff, 1987, 1992).
Correspondence should be addressed to Lisa M. edu), or David H. edu). References Anglin, J. M. (1977). Word, objects, and conceptual development. New York: Norton. Behl-Chadha, G. (1996). Basic-level and superordinate-like categorical representations early in infancy. Cognition, 60, 105–141. Bruner, J. , Goodnow, J. , & Austin, G. A. (1956). A study of thinking. New York: Wiley. Carey, S. (1985). Conceptual change in childhood. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. , & Bowerman, M. (1991). Learning to express motion events in English and Korean: The influence of language-specific lexicalization patterns.