By Jacqueline Vaughn
Conflicts over usual assets should not new. yet they're now world wide, enduring, more and more contentious, and on occasion, intractable. during this new booklet, political scientist Jacqueline Vaughn explores conflicts over ordinary resources—both renewable and nonrenewable—in the USA and from a world perspective.Conflicts over common assets specializes in 4 significant controversies: minerals, oil, and common gasoline drilling; secure components coverage; variety land administration; and trees and forests. at the worldwide point, the paintings additionally explores concerns surrounding diamonds and useful metals, woodland destruction, and water shortage. for college students, pros, and lay readers alike, this ebook deals an intensive and balanced grounding in either the issues surrounding source administration and the winning thoughts for solution.
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Additional info for Conflicts over Natural Resources: A Reference Handbook (Contemporary World Issues)
Until 1906, there was only minimal support for any type of regulation of livestock grazing on the nation’s vast grasslands and prairies. The doctrine of custom and culture, explored more in Chapter 2, dominated the West, and ranchers seldom encountered any resistance to moving their cattle or sheep to more productive land, whether public or private. The General Land Office, charged with regulating livestock access on public lands, was replaced by the Grazing Service, and in 1934 by the Taylor Grazing Act.
Those near recreational areas turned timber jobs into service industry employment. In Flagstaff, Arizona, for instance, new federal regulations led to reductions in logging in the Coconino, Kaibab, and Prescott national forests, and the subsequent closing of local mills. But the city is less than two hours’ drive from the Grand Canyon, and less than one hour from a ski area and the red rock area of Sedona, Arizona. Realizing that there was little to be gained by trying to stop a national change in natural resource policies, the city began to move toward a hospitalitybased economy, building hundreds of new motel and hotel rooms, restaurants, and second homes for owners from Phoenix, Las Vegas, and California.
Despite the Keep Commission’s scathing indictment of the existing administrative structure for natural resource management, Congress rejected every one of the initiatives that required legislative approval, even refusing to fund the Keep Commission’s official reports. When Roosevelt left office, President 18 Background and History William Howard Taft forced Pinchot and his supporters out of office, and the vision of the autonomous natural resource bureaucracy was left behind. Pinchot’s influence was not totally gone, however.