By Fred H. Mathews
Robert E. Park was once a key determine within the improvement of the 'Chicago university' which performed a dominant function within the evolution of yank sociology within the inter-war years. This biographical examine bargains extensive with Park's lifestyles sooner than his appointment to the collage of Chicago in 1913, and investigates the private and highbrow impacts that shaped the self sufficient nature and well-stocked brain he delivered to the tutorial international. A decade of labor as a newspaper reporter and a number of other years spent at Tuskegee as author and publicist for Booker T. Washington assisted in shaping what have been to develop into the most foci of his sociological pursuits: the trendy urban and the interplay of its diversified races and cultures.
Park observed the town because the excellent laboratory for learning the results of evolutionary switch on human nature and social association. In either his educating and his writing his eating curiosity was once the exam, now not of associations, yet of such techniques as social interplay, pageant, lodging, and assimilation. He introduced an identical viewpoint to the examine of race family, and used to be a pioneer within the research of ethnic prejudice as a made of intergroup pageant instead of of innate team character.
Park's reverence for the complexity and endurance of the approaches he studied prone him to a undeniable skepticism in regards to the threat of engineered social swap, and this introduced him below assault from more youthful students within the Nineteen Forties. Professor Matthews indicates right here that Park's tough-minded clash idea of social swap, like his rigidity at the social molding of character, has proved to be of higher prophetic worth than his detractors admit.