What determines winning careers within the box of technological know-how? What are the early symptoms of later mess ups. And particularly, how do ladies scientists' profession paths fluctuate from men's? whereas one could theorize approximately those questions, those that visit the difficulty of an in depth empirical research locate an more and more advanced photo.
Using the biggest database of its style (699 questionnaires and 2 hundred face-to-face conversations), the authors examine the occupation paths of recipients of prestigious postdoctoral fellowships--scientists, engineers, and mathematicians. They define a theoretical framework for knowing the explanations of gender disparities between scientists, try the speculation of a gender- particular "glass ceiling," and supply a wealth of pertinent statistical information.
Gender transformations in technological know-how Careers unearths that, as institutional legislation replaced, styles of discrimination and exclusion develop into extra sophisticated. regardless of the decline of inflexible gender-role socialization, many social practices persist that lead, on general and sometimes in counterintuitive methods, to the buildup of dangers for ladies scientists. This booklet is directed to students within the social sciences, aspiring and working towards scientists, and directors drawn to fairness matters.