The Lord of Uraniborg: A Biography of Tycho Brahe by Victor E. Thoren

By Victor E. Thoren

The Lord of Uraniborg is a complete biography of Tycho Brahe, father of recent astronomy, famed alchemist and littérateur of the sixteenth-century Danish Renaissance. Written in a full of life and fascinating kind, Victor Thoren's biography bargains fascinating views on Tycho's existence and offers substitute analyses of almost each point of his clinical paintings. more than a few readers attracted to astronomy, historical past of astronomy and the historical past of technological know-how will locate this e-book interesting.

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The End is Nigh: A History of Natural Disasters by Henrik Svensen

By Henrik Svensen

The Lisbon Earthquake of 1755. The South Asian Tsunami of 2004. The San Francisco Earthquake of 1906. typhoon Katrina in 2005. All of those are usual failures that not just brought on large devastation yet really replaced the process background, and feature motivated our reactions to and views on mess ups ever since.Spanning millennia, the top is Nigh presents a close heritage of traditional mess ups around the globe and the way they've got formed our cultural ideals and our sensible making plans. Henrik Svensen attracts from many eyewitness debts to bare the private tales of the sufferers of typical failures. via them, we're reminded that whereas the failures are normal phenomena, sufferers frequently react in related methods trying to clarify the catastrophe in the context of an omen or a divine warning.  A geologist, Svensen additionally explores the technology in the back of the incidence of particular mess ups, and he examines even if weather switch is growing an atmosphere the place ordinary failures are extra common and extra lethal. the top is Nigh is as instructive because it is insightful and may entice fanatics of heritage and technological know-how, in addition to coverage makers and all these trying to greater organize for destiny calamities. “The finish is Nigh is a smart instance of storytelling throughout clinical disciplines, and in gripping prose it spans geology, geography and background, anthropology, sociology, and the background of religion.”—Apollon

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A History of Force Feeding: Hunger Strikes, Prisons and by Ian Miller

By Ian Miller

This e-book is Open entry less than a CC by way of license. 

It is the 1st monograph-length research of the force-feeding of starvation strikers in English, Irish and northern Irish prisons. It examines moral debates that arose during the 20th century whilst governments permitted the force-feeding of imprisoned suffragettes, Irish republicans and convict prisoners. It additionally explores the fraught position of legal medical professionals known as upon to accomplish the process. because the domestic workplace first accredited force-feeding in 1909, a few questions were raised in regards to the approach. Is force-feeding secure? Can it kill? Are medical professionals who feed prisoners opposed to their will leaving behind the scientific moral norms in their career? And do country our bodies use legal medical professionals to assist take on political dissidence from time to time of political crisis?

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Philosophy of Science for Scientists by Lars-Göran Johansson

By Lars-Göran Johansson

This textbook deals an creation to the philosophy of technology. It is helping undergraduate scholars from the traditional, the human and social sciences to achieve an knowing of what technological know-how is, the way it has constructed, what its middle characteristics are, how you can distinguish among technology and pseudo-science and to find what a systematic perspective is. It argues opposed to the typical assumption that there's basic distinction among typical and human technological know-how, with common technological know-how caring with checking out hypotheses and getting to know ordinary legislation, and the purpose of human and a few social sciences being to appreciate the meanings of person and social team activities. as a substitute examines the similarities among the sciences and indicates how the trying out of hypotheses and doing interpretation/hermeneutics are comparable actions. The ebook makes transparent that classes from normal scientists are suitable to scholars and students in the social and human sciences, and vice versa. It teaches its readers the way to successfully demarcate among technology and pseudo-science and units standards for actual clinical thinking.

 

Divided into 3 elements, the publication first examines the query what's technological know-how? It describes the evolution of technological know-how, defines wisdom, and explains using and want for hypotheses and speculation trying out. the second one 1/2 half I offers with clinical info and remark, qualitative information and techniques, and ends with a dialogue of theories at the improvement

of technology. half II deals philosophical reflections on 4 of an important con

cepts in technological know-how: motives, causes, legislation and types. half III provides discussions on philosophy of brain, the relation among brain and physique, value-free and value-related technology, and reflections on genuine developments in science.

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Modern science and the capriciousness of nature by K. Rogers

By K. Rogers

This booklet questions the best way that smooth technology and expertise are thought of in a position to free up society from the erratic forces of nature. smooth technology is implicated in a raffle on a technological society that might exchange the flora and fauna with a 'better' one. the writer questions the rationality of this gamble and its implications for our lives.

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Philosophy of Biology (Philosophy and Science) by Brian Garvey

By Brian Garvey

This significant new sequence within the philosophy of technology goals to supply a brand new iteration of textbooks for the topic. The sequence won't in simple terms provide clean remedies of center subject matters within the conception and technique of medical wisdom, but in addition introductions to more recent parts of the self-discipline. moreover, the sequence will disguise themes in present technological know-how that increase major foundational concerns either for medical thought and for philosophy extra in general. Biology increases specific questions of its personal not just for philosophy of technological know-how, yet for metaphysics, epistemology and ethics. This complete new textbook for a swiftly turning out to be box of research offers scholars new to the topic with an up to date presentation of the foremost philosophical matters. Care is taken all through to maintain the technicalities available to the non-biologist yet with out sacrificing the philosophical subtleties. the 1st a part of the ebook covers the philosophical demanding situations posed by way of evolution and evolutionary biology, starting with Darwin's primary argument within the beginning of the Species. person chapters disguise normal choice, the egocentric gene, replacement devices of choice, developmental platforms conception, adaptionism and concerns in macroevolution. the second one a part of the publication examines philosophical questions bobbing up in reference to organic characteristics, functionality, nature and nurture, and organic forms. The 3rd a part of the e-book examines metaphysical questions, biology's relation with the conventional issues of philosophy of technological know-how, and the way evolution has been brought into epistemological debates. the ultimate half considers the relevance of biology to questions about ethics, faith and human nature.

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Objectivity in Science: New Perspectives from Science and by Flavia Padovani, Alan Richardson, Jonathan Y. Tsou

By Flavia Padovani, Alan Richardson, Jonathan Y. Tsou

This hugely multidisciplinary assortment discusses an more and more vital subject between students in technology and know-how stories: objectivity in technological know-how. It good points 11 essays on medical objectivity from various views, together with philosophy of technology, background of technological know-how, and feminist philosophy. subject matters addressed within the ebook contain the character and cost of medical objectivity, the background of objectivity, and objectivity in medical journals and groups. Taken separately, the essays offer new methodological instruments for theorizing what's beneficial within the pursuit of target wisdom and for investigating its background. The essays supply many beginning issues, whereas suggesting new avenues of study. Taken jointly, the essays exemplify the very virtues of objectivity that they theorize—in interpreting them jointly, the reader can feel a number of anxieties concerning the dangerously subjective in our age and find commonalities of shock in addition to transformations of method. for this reason, the quantity deals an expansive imaginative and prescient of a examine group looking a communal figuring out of its personal equipment and its personal epistemic anxieties, suffering to enunciate the major difficulties of data of our time and supply perception into the right way to triumph over them.

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Mathematics of Modality by Robert Goldblatt

By Robert Goldblatt

Modal good judgment is the learn of modalities - expressions that qualify assertions in regards to the fact of statements - just like the traditional language words unavoidably, in all probability, it truly is known/believed/ought to be, etc., and computationally or mathematically inspired expressions like provably, on the subsequent country, or after the computation terminates. The research of modalities dates from antiquity, yet has been so much actively pursued within the final 3 many years, because the creation of the equipment of Kripke semantics, and now affects on a variety of disciplines, together with the philosophy of language and linguistics ('possible phrases' semantics for normal language), optimistic arithmetic (intuitionistic logic), theoretical laptop technology (dynamic common sense, temporal and different logics for concurrency), and type conception (sheaf semantics). This quantity collects jointly some of the author's papers on modal good judgment, starting along with his paintings at the duality among algebraic and set-theoretic modals, and together with new articles, one on infinitary ideas of inference, and the opposite approximately contemporary effects at the dating among modal common sense and first-order good judgment. one other paper at the 'Henkin technique' in completeness proofs has been considerably prolonged to provide new functions. extra articles are excited about quantum common sense, provability common sense, the temporal common sense of relativistic spacetime, modalities in topos concept, and the good judgment of courses.

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