By Phillip M. Thompson

This publication explores the Catholic Church's engagement with technological know-how and know-how within the 20th century through targeting the $64000 function of 4 well-liked Catholic intellectuals representing the varied highbrow currents in their iteration. The ebook unpacks either the demanding situations and rewards of pursuing such efforts among the Modernist quandary and the second one Vatican Council. This learn of those intellectuals indicates how the Church moved from clash to discussion in its courting with technological know-how and know-how.

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Within the alliance of major seminaries, 125 directors who were meeting in Paris declared their enthusiastic support for the pope’s actions. Only fifty clergy refused to take the AntiModernist oath. Nonetheless, the fears of Pius X and his supporters nurtured a culture of suspicion. 67 While internal debates still raged, Pius X mobilized the Vatican hierarchy against the Modernists whose support for the claims of the world threatened to destroy the Church. In this counteroffensive, the Church campaigned on many levels.

When we analyze this moral conscience, it suggests the idea of a judge, “of one who sees my heart” and who guides all things. Newman’s epistemology and its reliance on conscience in the Grammar of Assent suggested an alternative approach to that of the regnant Thomism. Indeed, he may be closer to Kant’s “moral proof” than to Aquinas. 28 The Thomist revival possessed distinct advantages since it was compatible with Vatican authority and opposed the internalizing and subjective tendencies of a post-Kantian philosophy.

New York: Harper & Row, 1972), vol. 1, 129–57. 13. O’Connell, Critics on Trial, 309–10. 14. E. Nemesszeghy and J. Russell, The Theology of Evolution (Notre Dame: Fides Press, 1971), 42, 43. 15. John Hedley Brooke, Science and Religion (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991), 298–99. 16. , American Catholic Biblical Scholarship: A History from the Early Republic to Vatican II (San Francisco: Harper, 1989), xv–xvii, 96–119; Roger Aubert, Le Pontificat de Pie IX (Paris: Bloud et Gay, 1952), 213ff; Werner Georg Kummel, History of the Investigation of the New Testament, trans.

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