By Michael Cole

Alexander Luria was once essentially the most influential psychologists of the twentieth century. His respectable autobiography was once written as a citizen of the Soviet Union, and whereas it presents a compelling tale of his lifelong devotion to constructing a entire conception of the organic and cultural foundations of human nature, it really is conspicuous for the absence of data concerning the social context of his paintings and his own struggles to be an honest individual in indecent times.

The present "dialogic autobiography" brings the energy of Luria's principles again to lifestyles. Michael Cole and Karl Levitin, either one of whom knew Luria good and feature written approximately his lifestyles and paintings, have written a gently researched advent and epilogue to the unique autobiography. they supply readers, for the 1st time, with information regarding the social and private contexts of Luria's striking achievements. Their account is supplemented by way of a DVD with recollections of top psychologists from worldwide who knew and labored with Luria. ultimately, Luria's lifestyles and technological know-how are introduced jointly in one volume.

The publication will entice psychologists, neuropsychologists, and different scientists attracted to Luria's existence achievements.

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When Vygotsky arrived in Moscow, I was still conducting studies by the combined motor method with Leontiev, a former student of Chelpanov's with whom I have been associated ever since. Recognizing Vygotsky's uncommon abilities, Leontiev and I were delighted when it became possible to include Vy- 39 . . . " With Vygotsky as our acknowledged leader, we undertook a critical review of the history and current status of psychology in Russia and the rest of the world. Our aim, overambitious in the manner characteristic of the times, was to create a new, comprehensive approach to human psychological processes.

Their efforts to rehabilitation of the wounded. Educational and medical psychology mixed freely in the face of the devastation wrought by modern warfare. Following the war, these two aspects of psychology continued to dominate Soviet psychology as the country rebuilt itself. Psychology as a separate discipline remained dormant, while psychological research was treated simply as a special feature of some other scientific enterprise. Then in the late 1940s, interest in the field of psychology revived, with a focus on the work of Ivan Pavlov, Russia's renowned physiologist.

All this was meant to eliminate any traces of subjective psychology and to replace it with a kind of behavlOrlsm. The staff was young and inexperienced. No one was older than twenty-four years of age and few had proper training, but everyone was extremely enthusiastic, and the variety of work that was carried out on various reactions was broad indeed: White rats ran mazes, motor reactions of adult subjects were studied carefully, and problems of education were given attention. Along with an active research program, there was teaching to be done, since the institute was also the trainirig ground for future psychologists.

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