By Mihály Csíkszentmihályi

The third volume of the accrued works of Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi covers his paintings at the software of circulation in components that transcend the sphere of rest the place the concept that was once first utilized. in keeping with his own event with education and studying, in addition to that of many others and opposite to what Cicero claimed, Csikszentmihalyi arrived on the end that rather than taking satisfaction in making the roots of data as sour as attainable, we must always attempt to cause them to sweeter. simply as circulation turned a well-liked and valuable idea in voluntary actions, it will possibly likewise be utilized in schooling with the outcome of kids being likely to keep learning not only simply because they need to yet simply because they wish to.

This quantity brings jointly a couple of articles within which Csikszentmihalyi develops principles approximately how one can make schooling and extra in most cases the method of studying to stay a very good existence, extra relaxing. seeing that thought is the mum of excellent perform, the 1st 11 chapters are dedicated to theoretical reflections. a few are common and discover what it capability to be a person, what it capability to be anyone, after we examine existence from the point of view of stream. Others are extra narrowly all for such subject matters as intake, schooling, educating and studying. they assist laypeople mirror how they could organize their lives in this kind of approach as to go away a small ecological footprint whereas getting the main leisure. the second one portion of the amount incorporates a dozen empirical articles on comparable topics.They take care of the improvement of identification and self esteem; with the formation of pursuits and motivation; with loneliness and kin life."

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Extra resources for Applications of Flow in Human Development and Education (The Collected Works of Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, Volume 3)

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In communities that lived on the edge of subsistence, such as the Inuit, the aged who could no longer follow the movements of the tribe in search of game asked to be left behind in an ‘‘igloo without doors,’’ to be buried alive, as it were, so as not to jeopardize the survival of their kin by slowing down their progress. In technologically advanced societies, the health costs of the aged— Medicare, nursing homes, and so on—can become a severe financial burden on the younger generations and cause potentially acute social conflicts.

285). Thus, in all of these descriptions there is a component of automatic and controlled attention, a component of primary process thinking that is immediate, and an aspect of secondary process thinking that is monitoring the environment. Such complexity, we believe, like the contrasts of dark and light in a painting, are what makes such experiences interesting and vital. Flow and Development Just as we cannot step in the same river twice, we cannot enjoy the same activity with the same intensity more than once.

In this mode, attention is more focused on the goals of an activity, there is a future-time orientation, and the activity moves toward reducing arousal. In everyday language, the paratelic mode is more spontaneous, fun, and playful; the telic mode is more serious and worklike. The rewards of a paratelic mode are those resulting from the movement from boredom to optimal arousal; in contrast, a telic mode finds optimal rewards by moving from anxiety back to optimal arousal. Consistent with the perspective here, optimal experience is simultaneously paratelic and telic.

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