By Ron Field

The Mississippi River performed a decisive position within the American Civil struggle. The accomplice fortifications that managed the decrease Mississippi valley have been positioned to the attempt within the long Federal crusade of 1862-63. Vicksburg used to be a castle urban, often called the "Gibraltar of the Confederacy," whose trap is frequently noticeable because the key to victory within the struggle.

This e-book explores the fortifications of the river valley, concentrating on Vicksburg and its defenses which boasted a community of forts, rifle pits, and cannon embrasures surrounding the town and studying the strengths and weaknesses of the fortifications while less than siege. additionally tested are various different fortified strongholds, together with New Orleans, Port Hudson, New Madrid and, forts Henry and Donelson, all lavishly illustrated with complete colour art and cutaways.

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Salient Work or Horn Work J. South Fort Confederate River Batteries: K. Barnes Battery or Battery No. 13 L. Battery No. 12 M. Marine Hospital Battery or Battery No. 11 N. Battery No. 10 O. Railroad Battery or Battery No. 8 P. Battery No. 9 Q. Vaiden Battery R. Battery S. Whig Office Battery T. Wyman’s Hill Battery U. Harwood House Battery or Battery No. 5 V. Battery No. 4 W. Devil‘s Backbone Battery X. Upper Water Battery Y. com Bi g B l l l l Union Works Confederate Works 0 Stou R ay ou Construction of the main fortifications at Vicksburg was initially entrusted to Captain David B.

And the sharp-shooting officer now wears an airy hat. ’” (Author’s collection) 51 Published in Harper’s Weekly on July 25, 1863, this engraving shows the view of the siege of Vicksburg from the extreme right of the Union lines. Sharpshooters occupy the rifle-pit in the foreground, and the bastion in Fort Hill overlooking the Mississippi River on the northern end of the Confederate defenses is seen at left in the distance. (Author’s collection) 52 We did not waste our powder, but no Abolitionist could show his head without danger from ball or buck-shot.

In this manner he was able to conduct his activities with virtual impunity. According to Private Jefferson Moses, Co. G, 93rd Illinois Infantry, whose regiment occupied the trenches in front of the Railroad Redoubt: “When I got to the company and could go out and look over and see the rebels forts I thought it just fun. Our company was out on picket. One day we had to lay in rifel [sic] pits about three feet wide, three or more deep. I know I got awful tired so I got up and set on the ground that was taken out of the ditch.

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