By Peter Fonagy
Winner of the 2003 Gradiva Award and the 2003 Goethe Award for Psychoanalytic Scholarship
Arguing for the significance of attachment and emotionality within the constructing human awareness, 4 favourite analysts discover and refine the innovations of mentalization and impact legislation. Their daring, vigorous, and inspiring imaginative and prescient for psychoanalytic therapy combines components of developmental psychology, attachment thought, and psychoanalytic approach. Drawing broadly on case reviews and up to date analytic literature to demonstrate their rules, Fonagy, Gergely, Jurist, and objective supply types of psychotherapy perform which may allow the slow improvement of mentalization and have an effect on legislation even in sufferers with lengthy histories of violence or forget.
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Additional resources for Affect Regulation, Mentalization, and the Development of Self
While it is clear that psychological principles cannot violate the limitations set by the neurophysiological capabilities of the systems that subserve them, this does not imply the reduction of psychology to biology. In this book we take issue with the “geneticization” of human behavior. We adopt a position in line with that of the evolutionists Dobzhansky (1972) and Gould (1987). ” Since biological determinism is frequently clothed in the language of malleability and interactionism, we note that in reality, behind these more palatable portrayals of biology, genes are still considered the primary ruling force.
In our view it marks the development of serious personality problems. It involves three important changes: (a) a further repudiation of mentalization, at least in attachment contexts, (b) disruption of the psychological self by the emergence of a torturing other within the self, and (c) vital dependence on the physical presence of the other as a vehicle for externalization. These features, in combination, account for many aspects of disordered functioning in borderline patients. Abused and traumatized individuals, unable to conceive of the mental states that could explain the actions of the abuser, voluntarily and defensively sacrifice their thinking about internal states.
Therapy only works when both intrapsychic and interpersonal aims are achieved, and this is where we believe that mentalizing affectivity plays a vital role. The Epilogue explores some of the implications of our ideas for psychopathology and psychotherapy in general. ” This is not meant to suggest any difference between male and female babies or male and female parents or therapists. 2 By “constitutional self” we mean an individual’s biologically determined experiences associated with emotional expressivity as well as temperamental manifestations of affect.