By Nicholas Evans

The sequence builds an intensive selection of prime quality descriptions of languages worldwide. each one quantity bargains a entire grammatical description of a unmarried language including totally analyzed pattern texts and, if acceptable, a thesaurus and different appropriate details that's to be had at the language in query. There are not any regulations as to language family members or zone, and even if specific cognizance is paid to hitherto undescribed languages, new and beneficial remedies of higher identified languages also are integrated. No theoretical version is imposed at the authors; the single criterion is a excessive general of clinical caliber.

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Additional resources for A Grammar of Kayardild: With Historical-Comparative Notes on Tangkic

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Compared to most parts of Australia there was little gender segregation during these: during circumcisions (the centrepiece of which is an exclusively male preserve in most of Australia) two old women knelt to form a table on which the initiate lay face up, and during birth (generally an all-female affair) the father and father-in-law of the baby were present. It is likely that the blurring of male/female ceremonial boundaries is a result of the Kaiadilt's small population, reducing the labour force available to undertake these ceremonies.

Main genetic groupings of Australian languages 30 I The language and its speakers There are also strong typological differences between Pama-Nyungan and non-Pama-Nyungan. In general, non-Pama-Nyungan languages are head-marking, make use of prefixation as well as suffixation, have four or more noun classes, have weakly developed systems of subordination, and make only optional use of core case marking. Pama-Nyungan languages, by contrast, are generally dependent-marking (though many use auxiliaries hosting clitic pronouns), use suffixation only, lack noun classes, have a tightly organized and rich system of case marking, are generally organized ergatively for nouns, and have a rich set of subordinate clause types, often using switch-reference, antecedent case agreement, or syntactically-defined pivots or some combination thereof.

In addition to these subordinate clause uses, complementizing clauses may be "insubordinated", or used as independent main clauses. In this case they may be interpreted in two ways, corresponding to the two types of subordinate use. Corresponding to the "complement clause" use, they may be interpreted as having ellipsed main clause predicators of knowledge, perception, speech and so forth, as in (1-19); in some ways they function like evidential markers in other languages. (1-19) [Dan-kurrka here-LOC:COBL ri-in-kurrka east-FROM-LOC:COBL thardawankawuru-ntha aeroplane-COBL burri-jurrk!

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